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How to Test Logging Output in JUnit

In this blog, we will explore how to test logging output in JUnit, a popular testing framework for Java applications. Logging is an essential part of any application, as it allows developers to observe the application’s behavior and detect issues. Testing the logging output ensures that the application logs the correct information when certain events occur during test execution.

Approach 1: Capturing Logs

One way to test logging output is by capturing logs during the test and then verifying the captured logs. This approach involves redirecting the logging output to a custom appender and asserting on the captured log messages.

Here’s a step-by-step guide to using this approach:

  1. Prepare Your Code for Testing: Make sure the logging framework (e.g., Log4j, SLF4J) is properly configured in your application code.

  2. Create a Custom Appender: Implement a custom appender that captures the log messages during the test. The custom appender should store the captured logs in a list.

  3. Write the JUnit Test: In your JUnit test, attach the custom appender to the logger you want to capture logs from. Then, execute the code that generates the log messages you want to test. Afterward, assert on the captured log messages to check if they match the expected output.

Approach 2: Using Mockito

Another approach to test logging output in JUnit is by using Mockito, a mocking framework for Java. Mockito allows you to mock the logger and verify that the log messages are generated as expected.

Here’s a summary of the steps to use this approach:

  1. Prepare Your Code for Testing: Ensure that the logging framework is properly configured in your application code, just like in the first approach.

  2. Mock the Logger: Use Mockito to create a mock of the logger. Inject the mock logger into the class where logging occurs (e.g., via constructor or setter).

  3. Write the JUnit Test: In your JUnit test, call the method that generates the log messages and then use Mockito to verify that the logger was called with the expected log message.

Both approaches have their advantages, and the choice depends on the requirements and capabilities of the logging framework you are using.


Testing logging output in JUnit is crucial to ensure that your application logs the correct information during test execution. You can use either the “capturing logs” approach or Mockito to achieve this goal. By testing the logging output, you can have more confidence in the correctness and reliability of your application’s logging behavior.

    public void testLogging(){
        // To prepare checking log output
        ch.qos.logback.classic.Logger logger = (ch.qos.logback.classic.Logger) LoggerFactory.getLogger(DummyJob.class);
        var listAppender = new ListAppender<ILoggingEvent>();

        when(jobExecutionContext.getMergedJobDataMap()).thenAnswer(invocation -> {
            JobDataMap jobDataMap = new JobDataMap();
            jobDataMap.put("normalizedJobData", "normalizedJobData");
            return jobDataMap;

        // other codes
        // Then to confirm log callled
        assertThat(listAppender.list.get(0).getFormattedMessage(), containsString("Running job with map: normalizedJobData"));


The provided code is used to capture and test logging output in a class called DummyJob, which seems to be a part of the Logback logging framework.

Let’s break down the code step by step:

  • LoggerFactory.getLogger(DummyJob.class):

This line retrieves an instance of the logger associated with the DummyJob class using the LoggerFactory.getLogger method from the SLF4J (Simple Logging Facade for Java) library. The Logger class used here is from Logback’s implementation of SLF4J, which is called ch.qos.logback.classic.Logger.

  • var listAppender = new ListAppender():

This line creates a new instance of the ListAppender class provided by Logback. The ListAppender is a special appender that collects log events in a list, allowing us to capture and inspect the log messages generated during the test.

  • listAppender.start():

This line starts the ListAppender, making it ready to collect log events.

  • logger.addAppender(listAppender):

This line adds the ListAppender to the logger (DummyJob). By adding the appender, all log events generated by the DummyJob class will be captured and stored in the ListAppender. By performing these steps, the code sets up a logging capturing mechanism. During the test execution, any log messages generated by the DummyJob class will be captured by the ListAppender. This allows us to later inspect and verify the log messages to ensure the correct logging behavior.

After the setup is complete, the test code can call the method DummyJob.run(jobExecutionContext) to trigger log messages within the DummyJob class. Then, the test can check the captured logs in the ListAppender to verify if the expected log messages were generated during the test.

Note: To fully understand the behavior of DummyJob and the logging messages it generates, we would need to see the implementation of DummyJob and its methods. The provided code focuses on the setup for capturing logs during testing, assuming that the DummyJob class is implemented elsewhere in the codebase.