Setup WebSphere profiles and application in command line

Setup WebSphere profiles and application in command line

Background & descriptions

  • Beginning with V8.5, WebSphere Application Server provides two runtime profiles. Every WebSphere Application Server package includes both profile types.
    1. Full WebSphere Application Server
    2. Liberty profile

What’s profile?

  • Simply put, a profile contains an Application Server. When an Application Server is running, the server process may read and write data to the underlying configuration files and logs. So, by using profiles, transient data is kept away from the base product. This allows us to have more than one profile using the same base binaries, and also allows us to remove certain profiles without affecting other profiles. Another reason for separating the base binaries is that we can upgrade the product with maintenance updates and fix packs without having to re-create all profiles. Sometimes you do not want a specific profile to be updated. WAS profile management has been designed for flexibility.

  • WAS has the ability to have multiple application server definitions using the same underlying base binaries. Each profile defines the attributes and configurations for a given application server. Each standalone application server can optionally have its own administrative console application, which you use to manage the application server. We will cover how to install a profile later in the chapter.

  • On distributed platforms, profiles are created after you install the product by using either the Profile Management Tool or the manageprofiles command.

WAS Concepts


A node is an administrative grouping of application servers for configuration and operational management within one operating system instance. You can create multiple nodes inside one operating system instance, but a node cannot leave the operating system boundaries.

A stand-alone application server configuration has only one node. With Network Deployment, you can configure a distributed server environment that consists of multiple nodes that are managed from one central administration server.

Node agents

In distributed server configurations, each node has a node agent that works with the deployment manager to manage administration processes. A node agent is created automatically when you add (federate) a stand-alone application server node to a cell. Node agents are not included in the Base and Express configurations because a deployment manager is not needed in these architectures.

The node agent is an administrative server that runs on the same system as the node. It monitors the application servers on that node, routing administrative requests from the deployment manager to those application servers.

Node groups

A node group is a collection of nodes within a cell that have similar capabilities in terms of installed software, available resources, and configuration. A node group is used to define a boundary for server cluster formation so that the servers on the same node group host the same applications. A DefaultNodeGroup is created automatically. The DefaultNodeGroup contains the deployment manager and any new nodes with the same platform type. A node can be a member of more than one node group.


A cell is a grouping of nodes into a single administrative domain. A cell encompasses the entire management domain. In the Base and Express configurations, a cell contains one node, and that node contains one server. The left side of Figure 3-11 illustrates a system with two cells that are each accessed by their own administrative console. Each cell has a node and a stand-alone application server. In a Network Deployment environment (the right side of Figure 3-11), a cell can consist of multiple nodes and node groups. These nodes and groups are all administered from a single point, the deployment manager. Figure 3-11 shows a single cell that spans two systems that are accessed by a single administrative console. The deployment manager is administering the nodes.

A cell configuration that contains nodes that are running on the same operating system is called a homogeneous cell. It is also possible to configure a cell that consists of nodes on mixed operating systems. With this configuration, other operating systems can exist in the same WebSphere Application Server cell.

For example, z/OS nodes, Linux nodes, UNIX nodes, and Windows system nodes can exist in the same WebSphere Application Server cell. This configuration is called a heterogeneous cell. A heterogeneous cell requires significant planning.

Noteworthy points


  • create profile
  • check server status
    /opt/IBM/WebSphere85/AppServer/bin/ -all
  • start server
    /opt/IBM/WebSphere85/AppServer/bin/ SERVER_NAME
  • start server
    /opt/IBM/WebSphere85/AppServer/bin/ dmgr
  • deploy application
    sudo -u wasadm /opt/IBM/WebSphere85/utilities/API/v1.0/AppMgmt -deploy -deployMechanism simpleDeploy -appId xxx_war -appEnvId xxx -file "/tmp/xxx.ear"
  • stop&start application
    sudo -u wasadm /opt/IBM/WebSphere85/utilities/API/v1.0/AppMgmt -operate -appId xxx_war -appEnvId xxx -stop
    sudo -u wasadm /opt/IBM/WebSphere85/utilities/API/v1.0/AppMgmt -operate -appId xxx_war -appEnvId xxx -start

To create profile

sudo -u wasadm /opt/IBM/WebSphere85/AppServer/bin/ -create -profileName TEST_PROFILE -profilePath /opt/IBM/WebSphere85/AppServer/profiles/appprofiles/TEST_PROFILE -templatePath /opt/IBM/WebSphere85/AppServer/profileTemplates/default -serverName testSrv01 -nodeName testNode01 -hostName -enableAdminSecurity true -adminUserName wasadmin -adminPassword wasadmin@12

Errors & troubleshooting

Server can’t started after profile creation

  • You may find following errors if you try to bring up server after profile created
    sudo -u wasadm /opt/IBM/WebSphere85/AppServer/bin/ TEST_PROFILE
    ADMU0116I: Tool information is being logged in file
    ADMU0128I: Starting tool with the dmgrprofile profile
    ADMU3100I: Reading configuration for server: TEST_PROFILE
    ADMU0111E: Program exiting with error:


  • Please use the server name, rather than the profile name , e.g. should be testSrv01, rather than TEST_PROFILE
  • The command should be:
    sudo -u wasadm /opt/IBM/WebSphere85/AppServer/bin/ testSrv01
  • On the other hand, you can troubleshoot this issue by double checking the server.xml by
    ll /opt/IBM/WebSphere85/AppServer/profiles/appprofiles/TEST_PROFILE/config/cells/xxxxx/nodes/testNode01/servers/testSrv01/server.xml

WebServer console can’t opened

  • There are few reasones, such as:

    DNS errors

  • If the error as below: This webpage is not available The server at can’t be found, because the DNS lookup failed. DNS is the network service that translates a website’s name to its Internet address.

    That’s maybe something wrong for DNS as stated above, so please try to either udpate hosts file in you workstation or repalce the URL by IP address, e.g. replace with

What’s the port number for WAS console

You should get to know it after profile created

For example, in aforesaid profile creation step, you’ll get following in output:

INSTCONFSUCCESS: Success: Profile TEST_PROFILE now exists. Please consult /opt/IBM/WebSphere85/AppServer/profiles/TEST_PROFILE/logs/AboutThisProfile.txt for more information about this profile.

To check content of this file, you’ll find following snipets:

Administrative console port: 9060
Administrative console secure port: 9043
Check the port number from serverindex.xml
grep -a2 WC_adminhost /opt/IBM/WebSphere85/AppServer/profiles/appprofiles/TEST_PROFILE/config/cells/xxxx/nodes/testNode01/serverindex.xml

You’ll find the port number listed as below:

 <endPoint xmi:id="EndPoint_1183122129645" host="" port="9407"/>
    <specialEndpoints xmi:id="NamedEndPoint_1183122129646" endPointName="WC_adminhost">
      <endPoint xmi:id="EndPoint_1183122129646" host="*" port="9062"/>
      <endPoint xmi:id="EndPoint_1183122129648" host="*" port="9355"/>
    <specialEndpoints xmi:id="NamedEndPoint_1183122129649" endPointName="WC_adminhost_secure">
      <endPoint xmi:id="EndPoint_1183122129649" host="*" port="9045"/>
Check networking & port on WAS server
root@cn000tst1129 Thu Mar 30 17:07:11 /  #netstat -nptlev | grep java
tcp        0      0 *                   LISTEN      200000000  938007     252552/java
tcp        0      0    *                   LISTEN      200000000  1048485    254902/java
tcp        0      0      *                   LISTEN      200000000  1048615    254902/java
tcp        0      0      *                   LISTEN      200000000  1048613    254902/java
tcp        0      0      *                   LISTEN      200000000  1048479    254902/java
tcp        0      0      *                   LISTEN      200000000  1048484    254902/java
tcp        0      0      *                   LISTEN      200000000  1048616    254902/java
tcp        0      0     *                   LISTEN      200000000  938036     252552/java
tcp        0      0     *                   LISTEN      200000000  937999     252552/java
tcp        0      0      *                   LISTEN      200000000  1048614    254902/java
tcp        0      0     *                   LISTEN      200000000  938118     252552/java
tcp        0      0      *                   LISTEN      200000000  1048482    254902/java
tcp        0      0     *                   LISTEN      200000000  937992     252552/java
tcp        0      0      *                   LISTEN      200000000  1048481    254902/java
tcp        0      0     *                   LISTEN      200000000  938088     252552/java
tcp        0      0      *                   LISTEN      200000000  1048480    254902/java
tcp        0      0   *                   LISTEN      200000000  938089     252552/java
tcp        0      0 *                   LISTEN      200000000  938047     252552/java


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